Źródło: 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Contact Dermatitis – 70
Methylisothiazolinone/ methylchloroisothiazolinone and formaldehyde: petrolatum-based patch tests detect more sensitizations
Radosław Śpiewak1, Zbigniew Samochocki2, Marek Pasnicki3,
Ewa Czarnobilska4, Elżbieta Grubska-Suchanek5, Marzena Bukiel6, Katarzyna Jedrzejewska-Jurga7, Magdalena Czarnecka-Operacz8, Anna Cisowska9 and Bo Niklasson10 1 Institute of Dermatology, Krakow, Poland, 2Medical University of Warsaw, Dermatology Clinic, Warsaw, Poland,
3Alergicus-Dent, Zary, Poland, 4Department of Clinical
and Environmental Allergology, Jagiellonian University Medical
College, Krakow, Poland, 5Dermatology Clinic, Medical University
of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland, 6NZOZ Alergologia-Pulmonologia,
Stargard Szczeciński, Poland, 7Lower-S/lesian Centre
for Occupational Medicine, Wroclaw, Poland, 8Dermatology
Clinic, Medical University of Poznan, Poznan, Poland,
9Dermatology Practice, Kamienna Gora, Poland, and wChemotechnique Diagnostics, Vellinge, Sweden
Presenting Author: Radosław Śpiewak
Background: Aqueous solutions for patch testing may dry out without ensuring sufficient penetration of tested haptens into the skin. Evaporation may also affect the final amount and concentration of hapten. Petrolatum seems a better vehicle for haptens, however, polar molecules are hardly dispersible in it. This can be solved by the use of emulsifiers.
Objectives: To compare patch tests results to methylisothiazoli- none/methylchloroisothiazolinone 1:3 (MI/MCI) and formaldehyde carried out with commercial aqueous solutions and novel formulations in petrolatum/emulsifier vehicle.
Methods: One thousand and twenty-six patients with chronic/recurrent eczema were patch tested to formaldehyde 1% aq. (F-002A) and Mi/MCI 0.01% aq. (C-009A). as well as two novel petrolatum/emulsifier-based formulations of formaldehyde 1% pet. (Dor-695) and MI/MCI 0.01% pet. (Dor-696). On day 1, the test substances were applied for 2 days in IQ Ultra chambers on the patient’s back, with subsequent readings on days 3. 5 and 8. COI: Materials used for this study were supplied free of charge by Chemotechnique Diagnostics.
Results: Positive reactions to at least one of the compared formaldehyde formulations were recorded in 68 patients (6.6%), including 2 who reacted to both. 11 to F-002 only, and 55 to Dor- 695 only (chi2: p = 0.16). The positivity rate was 1.3% for F-002 (13 positive reactions, including 2 rated as clinically relevant), and 5.6% for Dor-695 (57 positive. 24 relevant). Positive reactions to at least one of the compared MI/MCI formulations were recorded in 69 (6.7%) patients, including 17 who reacted to both formulations, 9 to C-009A only, and 43 to Dor-696 only (chi2: p < 0.001). The positivity rate for C-009A was 2.5% (26 positive, 19 relevant), while for Dor-695 it was 5.8% (60 positive, 39 relevant). No irritant reactions to the new petrolatum/emulsifler preparations were observed.
Conclusions: Petrolatum/emulsifler preparations of water- soluble haptens formaldehyde and methylisothiazolinone/ methylchloroisothiazolinone yield more positive reactions on patch testing, and detect more clinically relevant sensitizations, as compared to aqueous solutions.